Left: The purple line shows the effect of the first few strokes on a new board. A few shavings have been removed from the edge of the base board and the end of the fence. Once this has happened, the lateral margins of the plane will prevent it cutting any deeper.

The lateral margins of a plane occupy narrow strips of the sole lying between the actively cutting part of the blade and the flanks of the plane.

    The red line joins the uncut parts of the baseboard and the fence.



When trimming end-grain (and some other jobs) it is important that the red and blue lines are at right-angles. An accurate angle is actually obtained when the sideways pressure on the tool holds the plane in the same   geometrical plane as the red line.

     Although it helps if they are true, it is not essential that the red and green lines are at exact right-angles.

    You need to ensure that neither the green nor the blue surface is twisted.

The fence is made of such a height that it is level with the upper flank of the plane. The upper lateral margin will prevent the plane from being rotated anti-clockwise (as so easily can happen).

    Because it is rather high, watch that your thumb does not catch the top of the fence.

    When panel jointing stuff whose ends are not yet squared, the fence can be inconvenient - it tends to pull the edge to an awkward angle. A single stop of some kind is more convenient (see the pic), but the anti-twist feature (see left) is lost.

Rub Jointing

Planing Points

This board is rather heavy. For a lightweight board for shooting ends and short edges, go to

A Ramped Shuteing Board

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A Versatile Shuteing Board

This board is intended for people who have limited need of specialised boards, though they may soon wish that they have at least a plain board and a mitre boad..

It can be difficult to accurately plane a square edge on thin stuff. The 'freehand' way is described at Planing a Square Edge

    You can shoot an edge simply by raising the workpiece by inserting a packing piece between it and a flat and smooth bench top. Rest the end of the board against the bench stop and run the plane on the bench top.

     Sometimes one can simply use the bench hook (sawing board) with the workpiece against the fence and the plane lying on its side on the bench top. The size of work is, of course limited by the dimensions of the bench hook. The results are hardly likely to be terribly accurate however. This is what gave me the idea for the Ramped Shuteing Board

    Shooting boards are really most suitable for material, say up to 25mm or so in thickness, but the limits will actually depend on the hardness of the wood and the user's muscle power. When panel jointing, although the guidance offered by the long edge of the main board can be a great help, there is no guarantee that it will be entirely sufficient. It might be necessary to do some trimming (still using the board) after the pair of boards are first tried together. Consult the link for some further advice about panel jointing. Rub Jointing


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Above & Left: The drawings show a shooting board made from flat and very stable Medium Density Fibreboard (MDF). Unfortunately MDF does not lend itself to using the traditional dovetailed housing, so the fence needs to be bolted in place. Over time, the width of the fence is liable to shrink, so remember to check tightness and accuracy every now and then.

Face the running board with Formica, mounted brown face upwards.

    The obliquely mounted batten enables the board to be gripped in the vice. This aligns the board more comfortably than the usual way of just resting it against the bench stop. Fix the mitre block with a bolt and two screws into the long edge.

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Exact working can depend on measurements and cuts being made with reference to datum faces, usually called Face Sides and Face Edges. This is why the fence should ideally be fixed midships, though for most of the time we can manage quite well at the traditional location as in the left-hand pic below.

Trimming an end

Panel jointing (no fence)

Fence at midships

Mitre trimming

Note the crossbattens that fix the running board to the main board.

Instead of having to lean over the bench, the invisible man has been able to adopt a more comfortable stance.

When trimming mitres, you need to be able to push when planing one end and ....................



......pull when planing the other.